- Coronavirus General Overview
Coronavirus General Overview
WHAT IS COVID-19?
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new respiratory virus first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. You can learn more about the virus at the CDC website. COVID-19 is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, including coronavirus 229E, NL63, OC43, or HKU1. Patients with COVID-19 will be evaluated and cared for differently than patients with common coronavirus diagnoses. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses. There are several known coronaviruses that infect people and usually only cause mild respiratory disease, such as the common cold. At least two previously identified coronaviruses have caused severe disease:
- Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
- SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV are NOT the cause of the current outbreak.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some causing illness in people and others that circulate amongst animals, including camels, cats and bats. It is suspected that COVID-19 originated from an animal source. More information about the source and spread of COVID-19 is available on the Situation Summary: Source and Spread of the Virus.
HOW DOES COVID-19 SPREAD?
The Coronavirus is thought to spread person-to-person via respiratory droplets that are produced when someone infected with the virus coughs or sneezes. This can occur from direct contact with the droplets or from fomite transmission. Fomite transmission occurs when viruses or bacteria that remain on surfaces cause infections. Learn more about the spread of COVID-19. Visit the CDC’s Frequently Asked Questions Regarding COVID-19.
WHAT ARE COVID-19 SYMPTOMS
Reported illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death for confirmed COVID-19 cases. These symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure:
- Shortness of breath
Visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Coronavirus Self Checker.
New Apple Coronavirus self checker screening tool: apple.com/covid19
Sign up for Summit Healthcare ‘Get Alerts On The Go’ by texting: “JOIN COVID19” to 66893
WHEN TO SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION
If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately. Emergency warning signs include*:
- Trouble breathing
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- New confusion or inability to arouse
- Bluish lips or face
*This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning.
FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL RECOMMENDATIONS
- March 26, 2020: Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) published a news release of Arizona Public Health Officials Update Community Transmission Level of COVID-19. View all COVID-19 ADHS Press Releases here.
- March 17, 2020: Navajo County Public Health Officials Announce Presumptive COVID-19 Case in Navajo County. View all Navajo County Press Releases here.
- March 17, 2020: Mayor Daryl Seymore of the City of Show Low declared a local state of emergency to enhance response capabilities to COVID-19 concerns. The emergency proclamation allows the City of Show Low to take the actions necessary to protect safety, public health and welfare within the City, coordinate with government agencies as well as seek federal, state, and county assistance as needed.
- March 16, 2020: President Donald J. Trump announced new guidelines to address COVID-19: 15 Days to Slow the Spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19).
- March 15, 2020: The CDC recommends during the next 8 weeks, organizers postpone or cancel events where 50 people or more gather.
- March 13, 2020: President Donald J. Trump issued a Proclamation on Declaring a National Emergency Concerning COVID-19 Outbreak. View the coronavirus.gov website for updates.
- March 11, 2020: Arizona Governor Ducey issued a Declaration of Emergency (COVID-10). View all Arizona Office of the Governor Press Releases.
STAY UP-TO-DATE WITH COVID-19
For continuing updates on COVID-19 residents are encouraged to follow the:
- Navajo County Public Health website.
- Navajo County Emergency Management & Preparedness Facebook page.
- Arizona Department of Health Services website.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.
Last weekend, the Arizona State Department of Health updated the way they are sharing information with the public, and it is definitely worth checking out. The update includes the ability to search for positive cases by zip code. Click https://www.azdhs.gov/ to go to the website. The Navajo County COVID-19 Public Health Dashboard has been updated with a heat map showing cases by zip code. The dashboard is found here:
PRACTICE GOOD HEALTH HYGIENE
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol content.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. Or sneeze into the crook of your bent arm/elbow.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
- If you are experiencing worsening flu-like symptoms, seek medical attention.
PRACTICE SOCIAL DISTANCING
Social distancing is an effort to reduce your interaction with other people to slow the spread of an infectious disease. COVID-19 primarily spreads via respiratory droplets from close contact or contaminated surfaces. By limiting the number of people you have contact with, even casually walking down the sidewalk, prevents the virus from spreading.
Social distancing serves several important functions to reduce the impact of COVID-19. By slowing the spread of the infection, it helps protect people who are at higher risk for more severe illness or death, including the elderly and those who are immunocompromised. Even if you’re not sick, you can still carry the disease without knowing it. Social distancing is about protecting not just yourself, but everyone in your community.
Social distancing also helps communities “flatten the curve,” a visual way to understand how this strategy can help reduce the impact of the virus. Flattening the curve and slowing the spread allows the health care system to more adequately respond to an influx of patients. In Italy, for example, the influx of COVID-19 cases overwhelmed the country’s medical facilities. Italy instituted a lockdown to implement social distancing, but the health care system faced a crisis due to the high number of patients.
COVID-19 MANAGE FROM HOME
Do you have Questions?